Ministry of Power through its nodal research body Central Power Research Institute (CPRI) coordinates the research activities in the Power Sector. These research activities are directed towards generation, transmission and distribution areas in the Power Sector, including the equipment used in these areas. Besides, Ministry of Power also participates in research projects under Uchhatar Avishkar Yojana (UAY) and Impacting Research Innovation and Technology (IMPRINT) schemes of Ministry of Human Resource and Development (MHRD).

An outlay of Rs.80 Crore was approved for Research & Development Schemes of CPRI in June, 2014, out of which Rs. 35.01 crore has been released up to 31 March, 2017. In addition, various Public Sector Undertakings of Ministry of Power, Ministry of New and Renewable Energy, Department of Heavy Industry are also involved in R&D activities in Power Sector.