There are independent unbundled utilities operational in Meghalaya:
- Generating Company - Meghalaya Power Generation Corporation Limited (MePGCL)
- Transmission Company - Meghalaya Power Transmission Corporation Limited (MePTCL)
- Distribution Company - Meghalaya Power Distribution Corporation Limited (MePDCL)
The power sector of state is regulated by Meghalaya State Electricity Regulatory Commission (MSERC).
As of October 2017, Meghalaya had a total installed power generation capacity of 558.32 MW, comprising 353.03 MW from state utilities and 205.28 MW from central utilities. Of the total installed power generation capacity, 387.19 MW was contributed by hydropower, 140.09 MW by thermal power, and 31.04 MW by renewable power.
During 2015-16, 315 KW SPV power plants of different capacities were being installed across government buildings as well as rooftops in the state. Work on manufacturing of 10 KW wind solar hybrid system in the government college at Tura has also been taken up during 2015-16.
Under the 12th Five Year Plan, valid from 2012 to 2017, the state government proposed an outlay of US$ 603.02 million, wherein, 11.97% was proposed for power generation, 28.95% for power transmission and distribution and the rest was proposed for survey and investigation, re-engineering works, etc. Another US$ 3.98 million was proposed for non-conventional sources of energy.
As per state budget 2016-17, the 2×20 MW New Umtru Hydro Electric Project (NUHEP) is set to be commissioned within 2017-18 with the first unit expected to go for trial run in the last week of March 2017.
As per state budget 2016-17, to strengthen the distribution system as well as sub-transmission systems of the state, the state government has proposed to initiate system improvement works under Integrated Power Development Scheme, during 2016-17.
Rural electrification was taken up as a key initiative under the Deendayal Upadhyaya Gram Jyoti Yojana, which was launched in 2015. The operational electrification scheme, that is, Rural Electricity Infrastructure and Household Electrification, was subsumed in the scheme launched in 2015. During 2015-16 (April to November), one village was electrified.
As of 31st October 2015, 3 projects were closed in Meghalaya under Rural Electricity Infrastructure and Household Electrification, for which US$ 76.17 million was sanctioned and 88% of the sanctioned amount was released.
To popularise renewable energy technologies, Meghalaya Non Conventional and Rural Energy Development Agency is implementing several projects to utilise energy sources such solar, wind, biogas, biomass. For the overall power sector, the state government proposed an outlay of US$ 20.3 million under the budget 2017-18.
As per the budget 2017-18, the Meghalaya New and Renewable Energy Development Agency (MNREDA) is implementing projects to popularize renewable technologies such as solar, wind, biogas, biomass, etc. Under the solar component of the new and renewable energy, 1067 KW of solar power plants have been installed in the State so far. The Government is setting up two Solar Parks of 10 MW each in the East Jaintia Hills and the West Jaintia Hills District.
The Government is also examining proposals to install grid-connected rooftop solar power plants in private and Government buildings.
North Eastern Electric Power Corporation Limited (NEEPCO) aims to be a 2,000 MW public sector power generating company by the end of 2017. The company is planning to commission three projects in Meghalaya region, which would add 770 MW to the power capacity.