The Jammu & Kashmir Power Development Department (JKPDD) was earlier responsible for generation, transmission & distribution of electricity in the state for the J&K. Subsequently, the Power Development Corporation (PDC), a fully State Government Owned Company, was established in 1999, when the operation and maintenance of existing generating stations and future generating stations were entrusted to this corporation.
Jammu & Kashmir’s (J&K) power demand is mostly met by the Central Generating Stations (CGS) and the State’s own sources. The State’s own installed generation capacity is 1,419.37 MW comprising of 1,110 MW of Hydroelectric Power Stations, 198 MW thermal (Gas turbine) and 110.96 MW of SHPs.
State-owned power is generated by the JKSPDCL. PDD is responsible for all functions related to transmission and distribution in the state.
As of October 2017, J&K had a total installed power generation capacity of 3,297.28 MW, comprising 1,733.43 MW under central utilities, 1,513.03 MW under state utilities and 50.82 MW under private utilities.
Of the total installed power generation capacity, 2,278.98 MW was contributed by hydropower, 791.47 MW by thermal power, 158.85 MW by renewable power and 67.98 MW by nuclear power.
Industrial units are allowed to install their captive-power generation plants, which are exempted from paying electricity duty.
The village electrification programme in J&K has been pursued diligently. During 2015-16, 98% of the villages in the state were electrified. As per state budget 2016-17, the state government is planning to apply “Power for All” program in the state during the coming years, which is a joint initiative by the central and state governments for providing the states with 24X7 power supply and other sources.
With the government’s approval hydro power projects, worth US$ 15 billion, in the state have been fast tracked.
The identified hydro power potential for the state is 16,475 MW out of the estimated 20,000 MW. The Chenab basin comprises of 11,283 MW, Jhelum basin consists of 3,084 MW, Ravi basin comprises of 500 MW and the Indus basin accounts for 1,608 MW.
A total of 2,813.46 MW have been used so far in the state, of which 761.96 MW was accounted for by state sector, 2,009 MW by the central sector and 42.5 MW in private sector.
Due to its location in the Himalayan region, J&K has significant hydropower potential for development.
A 240-MW Uri hydroelectric project worth US$ 330 million, situated very close to the Line of Control, has been commissioned in May 2014.
The state government planned to harness 9,000 MW of electricity in the state during 12th and 13th Five-year plans. The Government has taken various steps in fulfilling their aim over the past years.
During 2016-17, the peak demand for power in the state grew 4.16% to 2,650 MW from 2,544 in 2015-16.
As per the power budget 2016-17, the power deficit of the state is recorded to be US$ 600 million. Moreover, under UDAY (Ujjwal Discom Assurance Yojana) scheme, an MoU has been signed by the state’s power department and the central government raising a loan of US$ 540.41 million during 2016-17 for the development of this scheme in the state.
In January 2017, the state government received US$95.33 million under Deen Dayal Upadhaya Gramin Joyti Yojana (DDUGJY) for strengthening of infrastructure in power sector and electrification of un-electrified households in rural areas.