Presently, India exports electricity to Nepal, Bangladesh and Myanmar, while India imports power from Bhutan. However, sometimes India also exports power to Bhutan during lean hydro season.

India has signed Memorandum of Understanding with Bhutan, Bangladesh, Nepal, and Myanmar to improve power connectivity with these neighbouring countries. The Ministry of Power issued the Guidelines on Cross Border Trade of Electricity on 5 December, 2016, which was subsequently substituted by the ‘Guidelines for Import/Export (Cross Border) of Electricity-2018’ issued on 18 December, 2018, to promote cross border trade of electricity with neighbouring countries.

Central Electricity Regulatory Commission (CERC) issued CERC (Cross Border Trade of Electricity) Regulations, 2019 on 8th March 2019. Further to improve power connectivity with neighbouring countries, following interconnections are at various stages of implementation:

  1. 400kV operation of Muzaffarpur (India) – Dhalkebar (Nepal) 400kV D/c line (operated at 220kV)

  2. Baharampur (India) – Bheramara (Bangladesh) 2nd 400kV D/c line

  3. Alipurduar (India) – Jigmeling (Bhutan) 400kV D/c (Quad) line

  4. Gorakhpur (India) – New Butwal (Nepal) 400kV D/c (Quad) line

  5. Sitamarhi (India) – Dhalkebar (Nepal) – Arun-3 HEP (Nepal) 400kV D/c (Quad) line