The Jaitapur site was accorded ‘in principle’ approval for setting up six Light Water Reactors of 1650 MW each in cooperation with France. Pre-project activities comprising of land acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement (R&R), obtaining statutory clearances, site investigations and site infrastructure development were taken up.
Land for the project and residential township has been acquired. Agreement for Rehabilitation and Resettlement (R&R) package was signed between Nuclear Power Corporation of India Limited (NPCIL) and the state government which is being implemented.
Statutory Environmental and CRZ clearances have been obtained from Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEF&CC). Site infrastructure and technology independent site investigation works are in progress at various stages.
An Inter-governmental Agreement (IGA) on cooperation in nuclear energy between India & France signed in 2008. Several MoUs/Agreements were signed with M/s Areva thereafter. Following Electricite de France (EDF) taking over control of Areva in 2016, an MoU was signed with EDF followed by the latest Industrial Way Forward Agreement (IWFA) between NPCIL and EDF, France signed during the visit of the President of France in March 10, 2018.
This agreement prescribes a way forward for the implementation of the Jaitapur nuclear power project. The IWFA mentions that EDF and NPCIL shall comply with the Civil
Liability for Nuclear Damage (CLND) Act 2010 and CLND Rules, 2011.
Protests against Power Project
There have been sporadic protests by a section of the locals against setting up of the nuclear power plant at Jaitapur. Groups ideologically opposed to nuclear power have also protested against the setting up of the plant. The protests have mainly been on account of issues related to Rehabilitation and apprehensions about loss of traditional means of livelihood & safety of the plant.
A structured ongoing public outreach programme based on a multi-pronged approach is implemented to address the apprehensions of the people about safety of nuclear power and related issues and allay their fears in a credible manner. Several studies by expert agencies have concluded that the project will not adversely affect the agriculture, horticulture, fishing and other traditional means of livelihood pursued by the local people.
The issues related to rehabilitation are being addressed in association with the State Government. In this regard, in addition to compensation for land awarded, an ex gratia of Rs. 211.05 crore at Rs.22.5 lakh per hectare was also implemented. So far out of total of 2236 Khatedars (land owners), 1844 have accepted the compensation and 1820, the ex gratia payments.