The total assessed hydro power potential in the country is 1,66,454 MW. Large hydropower projects of cumulative capacity of 40,613 MW (27.95% of potential) (excluding Pumped Storage Projects) have been installed so far. In small hydro sector, a cumulative capacity of 4,647 MW (21.98% of total potential) has been installed.
Hydro-Electric Projects face a number of hurdles, both natural and man-made. The major natural hurdles encountered in hydro-electric power projects are natural calamities (such as earthquake, flood), geological uncertainties, difficult terrain, land slide, poor accessibility, etc.
At present 37 Hydro Electric Projects (HEPs), above 25 MW, aggregating to 12178.5 MW are at various stages of construction in India. Out of these 37 HEPs, 16 projects aggregating to 5950 MW are stalled due to various reasons.
|Upper Sindh II||JKSPDCL||105.00|
|Kashang II & III||HPPCL||130.00|
|Allain Duhagan (Pvt.)||ADHPL||192.00|
|Malana - II (Pvt.)||EPPL||100.00|
Uttarakhand, a state richly endowed with perennial rivers and water streams, has a large potential of generating power using hydro power projects. Uttarakhand has an estimated potential of about 3000 MW of hydro power, in the small, mini and micro hydro segment. Out of this only about 170 MW of small hydro power projects have been installed. There is a huge untapped potential of generating power from micro/mini hydro projects of capacities up to 2 MW.
The Ministry of Power has prepared a draft proposal on New Hydro Policy 2017 for revival of Hydro Power Sector. The proposal inter-alia seeks to declare all hydro power as renewable energy, irrespective of its size; Hydro Power Obligation benefit to projects attaining COD within specified period; interest subvention during construction/post commissioning with funding pattern on grant basis.