Energy Efficiency

Unnat Jyoti by Affordable LED for All (UJALA) scheme was launched on 5th January, 2015 to provide LED bulbs to domestic consumers with a target to replace 77 crore incandescent bulbs with LED bulbs by March, 2019. No States/UTs wise targets have been set.

On 5 January, 2015, the government launched Street Lighting National Programme (SLNP) to replace conventional street lights with smart and energy efficient LED street lights by March, 2019. This programme is being implemented by Energy Efficiency Services Limited (EESL), a joint venture company of Public Sector Undertakings (PSUs) under the Ministry of Power.

The National Energy Conservation Day is organized every year on 14th December every year by Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE) with an aim to showcase India’s achievements in energy efficiency and conservation, while working for its ambition of holistic development as part of the nation’s overall effort towards climate change mitigation.

Energy Efficiency Services Limited (EESL), a joint venture of PSUs under the Ministry of Power, has developed a Super-Efficient Air Conditioning Programme for providing Super-Efficient air conditioners (ACs) to customers at affordable rates in the market through demand aggregation and economies of scale. The aim of this pilot programme is to deploy 50,000 Super-efficient ACs.

EESL has signed MoUs with BSES Rajdhani Power Limited, BSES Yamuna Power Limited, Tata Power and Thane Municipal Corporation to distribute Super-efficient ACs to consumers of areas under their respective jurisdiction through a web-based demand aggregation model.

No funds have been allocated by the Government of India for this purpose. The programme envisages provision of the entire capital investment by EESL, which EESL recovers from customers.

The Standards & Labeling (S&L) programme of BEE, provides the consumer an informed choice about the energy saving by star rating of appliances. These appliances are rated from 1 star to 5 star, where 5 star is most efficient.

This initiative is expected to impact the energy savings in the medium and long run. At present, 22 appliances are covered under S&L Programme, out of which 10 are in mandatory category and 12 in voluntary category.

Appliances covered under mandatory category

  1. Frost Free Refrigerator
  2. Tubular Fluorescent lamp
  3. Room Air Conditioners
  4. Room Air Conditioner (Cassette, Floor Standing Tower, Ceiling, Corner AC)
  5. Color Television
  6. Direct Cool Refrigerator
  7. Inverter AC
  8. LED lamps
  9. Distribution Transformers
  10. Electric Water Heaters

Appliances covered under voluntary category

  1. Induction Motors
  2. Agricultural Pump sets
  3. LPG stoves
  4. Computers (Notebooks / Laptops)
  5. Office Equipment (printers, copier, and scanner)
  6. Ceiling Fans
  7. Diesel Engine Driven Monoset Pumps for Agricultural Purposes
  8. Solid State Inverter
  9. Generator
  10. Ballast (Electronic / Magnetic)
  11. Washing Machine
  12. Chillers

The Government of India has taken the following steps for electricity conservation in day to day domestic and public usage:

  1. Hon’ble Prime Minister launched National LED programme on 5th January, 2015 which has two components (i) Unnat Jyoti by Affordable LEDs for All (UJALA) to provide LED bulbs to domestic consumers at an affordable price, and (ii) Street Lighting National Programme (SLNP) to replace conventional street lights with smart and energy efficient LED street lights.

  2. Government of India has issued instruction to all Government Departments and Ministries in August 2017 to ensure that all the Government buildings become energy efficient.

  3. The Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE) has launched the Standards & Labeling (S&L) programme which defines minimum standards on energy efficiency of 10 electric goods covered under its mandatory regime and 12 electric goods covered under its voluntary regime. The standards on energy efficiency are upgraded from time to time.

  4. With an objective to promote energy conservation in space cooling, BEE, under the guidance of Ministry of Power, have developed voluntary guidelines recommending air conditioning temperature setting at optimal level of 24-26°C. These guidelines have been recommended for implementation in large commercial establishments, such as Hotels, Airports, public office complexes and large institutions.

The Energy Conservation Building Code (ECBC) was launched in 2007 as a voluntary code by the Bureau of Energy Efficiency for effecting energy efficiency in buildings. ECBC establishes minimum energy standards for commercial buildings having a connected load of 100 kW or contract demand of 120 KVA and above.

ECBC 2017 has been launched on 19 June, 2017 which includes measures for energy savings through suitable building construction parameters involving enhanced wall and roof insulation, efficient glass, efficient comfort and control system and appropriate orientation and shading. It prescribes criteria and parameters for design and construction of energy efficient buildings in 3 categories:

  1. ECBC compliant
  2. ECBC plus
  3. Super ECBC

Various measures proposed in the Code can also be combined with the use of renewables to convert buildings into Net Zero Energy Building category. 

At present, there is no proposal to mandate that all new buildings and offices in future to be Super ECBC and Net Zero Energy Buildings. However, all offices, sub-ordinate offices, attached offices including offices of Central Public Sector Undertakings (CPSUs) and their Joint Ventures, under the administrative control of Ministry of Power have been advised to prepare action plan for converting their owned buildings and offices into Net Zero buildings.

It is estimated that with adoption of ECBC 2017 in all new commercial buildings constructed 2018 onwards will result in 25% energy savings by 2030. Further, the adoption of ECBC plus and Super ECBC parameters is estimated to result in energy savings of 35% and 50% respectively.

An Act to provide for efficient use of energy and its conservation.

Date of Release: 29th September, 2001