As on 30 June, 2018, there are total 267 thermal power plants in India which include plants based on Coal, Lignite, Gas and Diesel. The estimated quantity of coal required during 2018-19 based on the generation target by the coal based thermal power plants in the country for 2018-19 is 656 Million Tonnes (MT).

The target and actual coal production of Coal India Limited (CIL) and its subsidiaries are:

Coal Company 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18
Target Actual Target Actual Target Actual
ECL 42.13 40.21 46.94 40.52 47.00 43.57
BCCL 35.85 35.86 37.00 37.04 40.50 32.61
CCL 60.60 61.32 67.00 67.04 70.50 63.40
NCL 78.10 80.22 82.00 84.10 89.00 93.02
WCL 45.10 44.82 48.00 45.63 48.50 46.22
SECL 137.00 137.93 149.67 140.00 153.80 144.71
MCL 150.00 137.90 167.00 139.21 150.00 143.06
NEC 1.22 0.49 1.00 0.60 0.70 0.78
CIL 550.00 538.75 598.61 554.13 600.00 567.36

Reasons for non-achievement of target by Coal India Limited is mainly because of problems in land acquisition, delay in obtaining Forest Clearance & Environmental Clearance, Rehabilitation & Resettlement issues, evacuation constraint and local Law & Order problems.