Coal is the prime source of energy in India and as per draft National Energy Policy prepared by NITI Aayog, coal will remain as an important source of energy and electricity even in near future due to abundance of coal in India and that too at a cheaper rate. The total number coal mines in Coal India Ltd. (CIL), Singareni Collieries Company Limited (SCCL), Public and Private Sectors as on 31 March, 2017 and total annual production from these mines during 2016-17 is given below.

Sector Number of collieries Production (MT)
Public 14 9.720
Private 21 34.076
CIL 394 559.14
SCCL 48 61.34