The Government of India has enacted the Electricity Act, 2003 to consolidate the laws relating to generation, transmission, distribution, trading and use of electricity and generally for taking measures conducive to development of electricity industry and for protecting the interest of consumers. Reform is an ongoing process and hence the amendments to Electricity Act are being carried out as and when required after due consultation with various Stakeholders.
The capacity of transmission lines depends on various factors like voltage level, conductor configuration, line length, inter-connection arrangement etc. As on 28 February 2018, a total of 3,87,383 ckm of transmission lines (220 kV and above) exists in India.
The total Outage Losses due to water shortage reported by the stations in the year 2017-18, up to February, 2018, are about 3400 Million Units (MU), which is about 0.38% of total coal and lignite based generation during the period. Last year, in 2016-17, the total losses were 9565.2 million units.
The Southern Region (SR) is connected with the North-East West Region (NEWR) through various inter-regional AC links at 220 kV, 400 kV, 765 kV level and HVDC link. With the commissioning of new transmission lines, the grid connectivity upstream and downstream of the main NEWR-SR corridor has further strengthened.
The Government of India has launched Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Gram Jyoti Yojana (DDUGJY) to address the challenges of rural electrification. Apart from implementation of village electrification, the scheme includes feeder separation, augmentation and strengthening of sub-transmission and distribution system. It also envisages close monitoring at Central level through inter-Ministerial Monitoring Committee, at State Level Standing Committee (SLSC), headed by Chief Secretary and at the District level, through DISHA.