The Government has released National Wind-Solar Hybrid Policy on 14 May, 2018. The main objective of the policy is to provide a framework for promotion of large grid connected wind-solar PV hybrid systems for optimal and efficient utilisation of wind and solar resources, transmission infrastructure and land.
At present only lignite mines are operated by NLC India Limited (NLCIL). Lignite is produced by NLCIL from various operational mines: three Lignite Mines at Neyveli, Tamilnadu and one Lignite Mine at Barsingsar, Rajasthan.
As on 30 June, 2018, there are total 267 thermal power plants in India which include plants based on Coal, Lignite, Gas and Diesel. The estimated quantity of coal required during 2018-19 based on the generation target by the coal based thermal power plants in the country for 2018-19 is 656 Million Tonnes (MT).
The methodology for auction of coal mines or blocks for sale of coal under the provisions of the Coal Mines (Special Provisions) Act, 2015 and the Mines and Minerals (Development and Regulation) Act, 1957 has been approved by the Government and Order in this regard has been issued on 27 February, 2018.
The Government of India has given In-Principle approval for Construction and Operation of Laser Interferometer Gravitational Wave Laboratory - India (LIGO) in India in collaboration with LIGO Laboratory, United States of America. This is the third observatory identical to the two LIGO observatories in USA.
At present, there are nine nuclear power reactors at various stages of construction, targeted for completion by 2024-25. In addition, twelve more nuclear power reactors have been accorded administrative approval and financial sanction by the Government in June 2017.
India-based Neutrino Observatory (INO) is a particle physics research project under construction to study atmospheric neutrinos in a 1,300 meters deep cave near Theni, in Tamil Nadu. This project is anticipated to provide a precise measurement of neutrino mixing parameters. A neutrino is an elementary particle that interacts only via the weak subatomic force and gravity.
Coal is the prime source of energy in India and as per draft National Energy Policy prepared by NITI Aayog, coal will remain as an important source of energy and electricity even in near future due to abundance of coal in India and that too at a cheaper rate. The total number coal mines in Coal India Ltd. (CIL), Singareni Collieries Company Limited (SCCL), Public and Private Sectors as on 31 March, 2017 and total annual production from these mines during 2016-17 is given below.
Out of 121 prospective member countries that lie either fully or partially between the Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn, 61 countries have signed the Framework Agreement of the ISA.
The idea and concept behind the International Solar Alliance (ISA) is part of the prime Minister of India’s vision to provide clean and affordable energy to all. This vision was formally presented to the Heads of the diplomatic Missions of eligible member countries of the ISA in India on 30 July 2015. In his statement at the inaugural ceremony of the third India-Africa Forum Summit on 29 October 2015, the Prime Minister of India invited the African countries to join the alliance of solar-rich countries and stated that the goal is to make solar energy an integral part of our life and reach it to the most unconnected villages and communities.
During the visit of Prime Minister of Canada H.E. Mr. Justin Trudeau to India on February 23, 2018, Government of India has signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with the Department of Natural Resources of Canada concerning cooperation in the fields of science, technology and innovation.
The share of nuclear power generation was about 3.4% in India in the calendar year 2016. The corresponding share in United States of America and Germany was about 19.7% and 13.1% respectively. The share of nuclear power generation is country specific and depends on other sources of electricity generation deployed in the country.
Closed nuclear fuel cycle is being followed in India treating spent nuclear fuel as a material of resource instead of nuclear waste. The closed fuel cycle aims at recovery and recycle of fuel elements, separation of useful isotopes such as Cs (Caesium) and Sr (Strontium) for use in health care and industry. The spent fuel is reprocessed to recover the fuel elements like Uranium and Plutonium for recycling back in the reactor for generation of power in second stage of Indian nuclear power programme.
A capacity expansion is planned by setting up nuclear power reactors at various green field sites. On completion of the green field site projects which have been accorded administrative approval and financial sanction, the installed nuclear power capacity would increase by 7000 MW by the year 2031.
In most of the states, the allocation from Central Generating Stations is less than the demand of the state. Electricity is a concurrent subject. It is the responsibility of the State Government to arrange power from various sources - state’s own generation, power exchanges, other states to meet the requirement of the state.
The Government of India has enacted the Electricity Act, 2003 to consolidate the laws relating to generation, transmission, distribution, trading and use of electricity and generally for taking measures conducive to development of electricity industry and for protecting the interest of consumers. Reform is an ongoing process and hence the amendments to Electricity Act are being carried out as and when required after due consultation with various Stakeholders.