Welcome to Indian Energy Sector

Energy is an important building block in human development and acts as a key factor in determining the economic development of all countries. The International Energy Agency (IEA) forecasts that world primary energy demand between 2011 and 2030 will increase by 1.5% per year from 12,000 million tonnes of oil equivalent (Mtoe) to 16,800 Mtoe. Developing Asian countries are the main drivers of this growth, followed by Middle East.

India's substantial and sustained economic growth is placing enormous demand on its energy resources. The demand and supply imbalance in energy sources is pervasive requiring serious efforts by Government of India to augment energy supplies as India faces possible severe energy supply constraints.

Energy requirement in India is increasing at a very rapid rate. While efforts are being made to improve availability of various energy sources, there is still a continuing gap between demand and supply of energy. Thus energy conservation has also emerged as one of the major issues in recent years.

Energy means any form of energy derived from fossil fuels, nuclear substances or materials, Hydro-electricity and includes electrical energy or electricity generated from renewable sources of energy or biomass connected to the grid.

India's energy-mix comprises both non-renewable (coal, lignite, petroleum and natural gas) and renewable energy sources (wind, solar, small hydro, biomass).

Latest Updates

Power Connectivity with Neighbouring Countries

June 05, 2020

Presently, India exports electricity to Nepal, Bangladesh and Myanmar, while India imports power from Bhutan. However, sometimes India also exports power to Bhutan during lean hydro season.

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Inter State Transmission System (ISTS)

May 30, 2020

The Inter State Transmission System (ISTS) in India has been planned to facilitate smooth transfer of power across state and regional boundaries all over the country. In this process, robust National Grid has been established leading to One Nation - One Grid - One Frequency, facilitating power transfer from the resource rich areas to major load centers of the country with reliability and security.

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Hydroelectric Power Generation (2014 to 2019)

May 25, 2020

The year-wise and plant-wise details of hydroelectric power generation in India during the five years from 2014 to 2019.

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Energy Security in India

May 20, 2020

As on 31.10.2019, the all India generation installed capacity is 3,64,960 MW which includes 83,379.50 MW from Renewable Energy Sources (RES). Government of India has planned an ambitious capacity addition target of 1,75,000 MW from Renewable Energy Sources (RES) by the year 2022. 

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Flue Gas De-Sulphurization (FGD)

May 15, 2020

In order to ensure uninterrupted power supply position in the country, a phased implementation plan (to be implemented by 2022) for installation of Flue Gas De-Sulphurization (FGD) for control of SOx, in plants for a capacity of 1,61,402 MW (414 Units) and upgradation of Electrostatic Precipitator for control of Particulate Matter (PM), in plants for a capacity of 64,525 MW (222 Units) was prepared by Central Electricity Authority (CEA) in consultation with the stakeholders and this plan was submitted to MoEF&CC on 13 October, 2017.

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State-wise Hydro Power Potential in India

May 10, 2020

The total assessed hydro power potential in the country is 1,66,454 MW. Large hydropower projects of cumulative capacity of 40,613 MW (27.95% of potential) (excluding Pumped Storage Projects) have been installed so far. In small hydro sector, a cumulative capacity of 4,647 MW (21.98% of total potential) has been installed.

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Water for Coal Based Power Plants

May 05, 2020

After the enactment of Electricity Act 2003, setting up of a power plant is a delicensed activity. As such proposals for setting up of New Thermal Power Projects are not being received in Ministry of Power or Central Electricity Authority (CEA).

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Prepaid Electricity Smart Meters for Households

April 30, 2020

Government of India have issued advisories to the States in 2019 to draw up a road map for switching over to Smart meters, in prepaid mode, over a period of next three years.

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Aggregate Technical and Commercial Losses (2013 to 2018)

April 25, 2020

There are several reasons for Aggregate and Commercial losses, which include Overloaded Lines/Transformers, use of equipment like lines/transformers having high technical losses by design, Low Power Factor, Low HT/LT Ratio, lengthy lines, faulty Meters (Slow/Not working), power theft, billing inefficiencies, collection Issues like inadequate modes/ inconvenient collection timings etc.

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Production Capacity of Hydro Projects

April 20, 2020

Hydro-Electric Projects face a number of hurdles, both natural and man-made. The major natural hurdles encountered in hydro-electric power projects are natural calamities (such as earthquake, flood), geological uncertainties, difficult terrain, land slide, poor accessibility, etc.

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April 15, 2020

Discom losses are the Aggregate Technical & Commercial (AT&C) losses which reflects the transmission and distribution losses (T&D losses) and billing & collection efficiency of Distribution Companies.

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Electricity (Amendment) Act, 2007

April 05, 2020

Date: 29 May, 2007

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