Welcome to Indian Energy Sector

Energy is an important building block in human development and acts as a key factor in determining the economic development of all countries. The International Energy Agency (IEA) forecasts that world primary energy demand between 2011 and 2030 will increase by 1.5% per year from 12,000 million tonnes of oil equivalent (Mtoe) to 16,800 Mtoe. Developing Asian countries are the main drivers of this growth, followed by Middle East.

India's substantial and sustained economic growth is placing enormous demand on its energy resources. The demand and supply imbalance in energy sources is pervasive requiring serious efforts by Government of India to augment energy supplies as India faces possible severe energy supply constraints.

Energy requirement in India is increasing at a very rapid rate. While efforts are being made to improve availability of various energy sources, there is still a continuing gap between demand and supply of energy. Thus energy conservation has also emerged as one of the major issues in recent years.

Energy means any form of energy derived from fossil fuels, nuclear substances or materials, Hydro-electricity and includes electrical energy or electricity generated from renewable sources of energy or biomass connected to the grid.

India's energy-mix comprises both non-renewable (coal, lignite, petroleum and natural gas) and renewable energy sources (wind, solar, small hydro, biomass).

Latest Updates

Geothermal Energy

April 05, 2020

Geothermal energy originates in the inner mantle of the earth as hot molten magma (liquid rock) circulates upward while surface groundwater seeps downward. The magma heats the water and forces it back up through cracks and faults.

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Wind Power

April 05, 2020

Electricity was first generated by wind power in 1890. This was made possible by larger, metallic blades that captured more of the potential wind energy and converted it into usable power.

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Hydro Power

April 05, 2020

There are two characteristics that determine how much power or energy can be obtained via hydro power: flow, and head. Flow is the amount of water that flows past a given point in a given time period. Head is the water pressure, or how hard the water wants to flow.

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Solar Power

April 05, 2020

There are two basic uses of solar energy - heat and generating electricity. Sunlight is captured and converted into either usable heat or usable electrical power. Light is composed of individual photons, each with a wavelength and an energy, and all travelling at the same velocity.

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Nuclear Power

April 05, 2020

During World War II, the United States launched the Manhattan project, which produced the first atomic bombs. With technological advancements based on this fundamental research, in December 1942 the first nuclear reactor was tested in an abandoned handball court at the University of Chicago. This test proved the viability of large scale nuclear power reactors for utility scale use.

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Fossil Fuels

April 04, 2020

Under huge pressures and amidst the Earth’s core heat, decayed and decaying organic materials formed complex compounds primarily composed of hydrogen and carbon atoms. These complex, carbon-based compounds are more commonly referred to as fossil fuels. The three most commonly available fossil fuels are coal, petroleum, and natural gas.

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Introduction to Energy

April 04, 2020

Energy is a critical component of your lives and economy as a whole. You use energy in virtually every endeavor. Humans have evolved in step with the energy consumption. Human populations, quality of life, and life expectancy have increased as energy sources have become more sophisticated.

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Open Acreage Licensing Programme (OALP) Round - IV

April 03, 2020

The Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas signed contracts for 7 blocks, awarded under Open Acreage Licensing Programme (OALP) Bid Round - IV. The Government had launched OALP Bid Round - IV on 27th August 2019. The Bid Round-IV offered 7 blocks under International Competitive Bidding (ICB) process.

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Mineral Laws (Amendment) Act, 2020

March 31, 2020

An Act further to amend the Mines and Minerals (Development and Regulation) Act, 1957 and to amend the Coal Mines (Special Provisions) Act, 2015.

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Coal Mines (Special Provisions) Act, 2015

March 31, 2020

An Act to provide for allocation of coal mines and vesting of the right, title and interest in and over the land and mine infrastructure together with mining leases to successful bidders and allottees with a view to ensure continuity in coal mining operations and production of coal, and for promoting optimum utilisation of coal resources consistent with the requirement of the country in national interest and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto.

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Coal Mines (Conservation and Development) Act, 1974

March 31, 2020

An Act to provide for the conservation of coal and development of coal mines and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto.

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Wind Data Sharing Policy, 2019

March 31, 2020

The Wind Power development programme in India was initiated at the end of Sixth Five Year Plan, in 1983-84. In order to identify wind farmable sites in the country, the Government of India launched a national wind resource assessment programme in 1985.

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